Past House Styles From UK Architecture

Tudor – 1485 – 1603

tudor house

The Tudor house was defined by its Tudor arch and oriel windows. The Tudor period was the first period to move away from the medieval style houses and was more like a timber framed country house. Today Tudor houses are all listed building and highly sought after due to there location and the amount of space and history involved. Tudor houses are an expensive housing option so be prepared for the financial layout and upkeep costs. If that doesn’t put you off then buying a Tudor house could be a great investment and opportunity to keep English heritage alive.

Elizabethan – 1550 -1625

elizabethan house

Elizabethan houses can be recognised by their large vertical timber frames that are often supported by diagonal beams. The Elizabethan style houses were similar to medieval style houses. These houses were built sturdy to last through the age. The houses were built by the middle class are are today listed building.

Jacobean – 1603 – 1625

Jacobean house

The Jacobean style gets its name from King James 1 of England who reigned at the time. The Jacobean style in England follows the Elizabethan style and is the second phase of Renaissance architecture. May Jacobean houses were very large both inside and out with large rooms for family living.  Common features included columns and pilasters, arches and archades. These features were to create a sense of grandeur. There are many Jacobean style houses on the market today if your lucky enough to be able to afford one.

Stuart – 1603 – 1714

stuart house

One of the most common period property types for country houses. This period house boasted elegant exteriors with sash windows, high ceiling and spacious rooms. The outside was commonly bare brick and flat fronted.

English Baroque – 1702 – 1714

During this period houses were decorated with arches, columns and sculptures and took many features and characteristics from the continent. The interiors were very exuberant with artwork and ornaments in all rooms main rooms

Palladian – 1715 -1770

palladian house

The Palladian era started in 1715 and these types of houses are characterised by symmetry and classic forms, more plain than other eras however on the inside houses were lavish and often had elaborate decorations

Georgian – 1714 – 1837

georgian house

The Georgian house was styled with rigid symmetry, the most common Georgian house was built with brick with window decorative headers and hip roofs. The Georgian house period started and got its name due to the 4 successive kings being named George.

Regency – 1811 – 1820

regency house

The Regency housing style was common among the upper and middle classes from 1811 to 1820 the houses were typically built in brick and then covered in painted plaster. The plaster was carefully moulded to produce elegant decorative touches to give the exterior of the house more elegance.

Victorian – 1837 – 1910

victorian house

Very common even today especially in London. A Victorian house in general refers to any house build during the reign of Queen Victoria. The main features of a Victoria house are roofs made of slate with sash windows and patters in the brick work that are made using different colour bricks. Stained Glass windows and doors were also a common feature as were bay windows

Edwardian – 1901 -1910

edwardian house

Edwardian architecture got its name during the reign of King Edward from 1901 – 1910. These types of houses were generally built in a straight line with red brick. Edwardian houses typically had wooden frame porches and wide hallways. The rooms inside were wider and brighter moving away from the older style houses that were more gothic. Parquet wood floors and simple internal decoration was common also.

Original Source available here

The St Athernase Guild

With around 24,000 members, The Church of Scotland Guild is one of Scotland’s largest voluntary organisations. Although women make up the bulk of our membership, increasingly, men are becoming members and taking active roles at local and national levels.

The St Athernase Guild meets at 7.00 p.m. in the Coach house on alternate Mondays – a warm welcome assured, please come along.
Members meet in local groups at congregational level, in regional groups known as presbyterial councils, and once a year at our national meeting, to which each group can send a representative.

The current constitution of the Guild was adopted in 1997, after a major review of the present organisation’s predecessor, the Woman’s Guild. In 2003, and again in 2010, the Guild reviewed its constitution to ensure more inclusive language was used and to take account of the need for flexibility in local groups.

The Guild is about invitation, encouragement, commitment, and fellowship which leads to providing opportunities for continuing growth in Christian faith through worship, prayer and action.

Worship is an essential ingredient in all meetings and activities. Prayer underpins everything – and is a means of involving those members who cannot be active in other ways.

Action means living out the faith through project work, exploration of the discussion topics and local involvement of groups and individual members in various aspects of Christian service.

Aims and ethos

Women and men of all walks of life meet together under our common aim:
“The Church of Scotland Guild is a movement within the Church of Scotland which invites and encourages both women and men to commit their lives to Jesus Christ and enables them to express their faith in worship, prayer and action.”

The aim has been underlined in our motto which is taken from Acts 27, verse 23: ‘Whose we are and Whom we serve.’

Knitting Group

On Tuesdays from 2.00 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. in the Coach House we meet to knit for children being helped at Rachel’s Place in South Africa and Amy’s crèche in Lesotho.

Their needs are ever increasing as they take in more homeless children and we would love more folks to come along and get needles clicking – wool supplied if you need it.

Baby Pack Knitters

Our Baby Pack knitters meet in the Coach-house Centre on Main Street, Leuchars every Tuesday afternoon from 2 – 4pm. The centre is run by Leuchars: St Athernase Church of Scotland.

As well as knitting or crocheting we enjoy a blether and a cuppa, accompanied by some lovely home baking. We started out knitting for the Baby Pack Project in South Africa: this guaranteed every new mother a little gift of basic baby clothes in which to dress the new born to take the baby home from hospital.

Rachel’s Place and Amy’s Crèche

Over the last few years our focus has shifted from new born baby clothes and blankets (every knitter loves to do baby bits and bobs) to clothes for older children. Rachel’s Place is in South Africa and is run by Val Bailey and her husband Davey; the name remembers a young friend of theirs who was to go out and help but was sadly killed in a car accident just before she was due to leave home. They also have Amy’s Crèche in Lesotho which they built recently and I mean “built”, everything from actually making the bricks to painting the walls, to making drains – even a solar panel to work the washing machine!

Can you help us?

Val reports sometimes of a whole family being “handed in” – this can be for a whole variety of reasons, such as the death of the parents but in one case the father had been jailed for molesting the daughter and the mother just could not cope so ran away and left the four children to fend for themselves. So now we knit and sew clothes for any size, shape or form!
To send all our creations to South Africa is expensive and that is why you see us out at various craft fairs selling knitted goods and other craftwork to raise the postage. Can you help us do some of this work?

We sorely miss one of our members, Mrs Joan McNeill, who has recently left the district. Although we wish her well in her new home, we do need someone to help us with all those lovely crafty animals etc she was so good at making. You don’t even need to come along on Tuesday if you do not want to, just make the goods and we will collect them!!

All welcome, just come along to The Coach House.

The Coach House

Coach House Cafe

The Coach house café is open every Tuesday from 10.00am to 4.00pm, serving home baking, soup at lunch time over the winter months.

Great value for money.

WiFi Broadband Service is available throughout The Coach House.

On Tuesdays from 2.00 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. in the cafe we meet to knit for children being helped at Rachel’s Place in South Africa and Amy’s crèche in Lesotho.

Their needs are ever increasing as they take in more homeless children and we would love more folks to come along and get needles clicking – wool supplied if you need it.

All welcome, just come along to The Coach House.

St Athernase Choir

Leuchars St Athernase Church Choir meets on a Wednesday evening at 7.00 p.m. until 9.00 p.m. in the Coach House, Main Street, Leuchars.

The ethos of the choir is that it is part of church life and open to ALL!

Everyone is welcome. It is not necessary to be able to read music nor is it a requirement that you attend regularly.

St Athernase Sunday School Choir – Saturday Afternoon Coaching
We also hold choir practice on Saturday afternoons at The Coach House, Main Street, Leuchars between 2.00 p.m. and 4.00 p.m. – you are welcome to come along, it’s great fun and you’ll really enjoy singing.

Also, pop in for as long as you wish – some stay and benefit from two hours of coaching and practice, others stay for 30 or 60 minutes. Our aim is to accommodate your hectic Saturday schedule and it would be great to see you during the course of Saturday afternoon, anytime between 2 – 4 p.m.

Please note, you don’t need to participate in ‘Sunday School’ – everyone is welcome, you’ll really enjoy it.

The Choir

The choirs primary function is to allow every heart and soul the opportunity to experience Gods power and love through music.

The choir invites visiting friends and relatives to come along and enjoy singing with us even if it is just for one rehearsal.

The choir prepares to lead the worship, normally for the St Athernase 11am service on the 1st and 3rd Sundays of each month and for the 9.30 a.m. services held in the Burnside Hall, Balmullo, on the 2nd and 4th Sundays of each month.

As well as practising the hymns for the services the choir is building a repertoire of Introits and Anthems to cover the liturgical year. An optional class for music theory has proved popular and is available from 6.30 p.m. prior to the rehearsal, on Tuesday evenings.

All are welcome, especially those who think they can’t sing!

Please come along and be surprised to discover you CAN sing and that the home baking which inevitably appears during our tea and coffee break is so delicious !


Spring 2016 – Regeneration:

We are working closely with Chartered Architects ‘Nicoll Russell Studios’ (NRS) of Broughty Ferry, Dundee. Specifically Partner Mr. Doug Binnie, Architect Philip Levack, Conservation Architect Mr. Bob Heath and their supporting team.

The Leuchars St Athernase Regeneration Project Team is chaired by SBoyd, Treasurer is SDuncan and the Regeneration Project Team Leader is Mrs Carol Petrie.

NRS have made significant progress including various meetings with General Trustees of Church of Scotland, Historic Scotland, Fife Council, CARTA and HLF. In addition, contact has been made with The Royal Commision on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.

The Regeneration Project Team and NRS present a detailed summary of progress at meetings of the Congregational Board. There was a presentation by NRS during the thrid week of March 2015. At this meeting NRS will presented three fully costed options for the Congregational Board to consider and approve.

EQ Chartered Accountants have been appointed to develop a robust Business Plan for our Regeneration Project. Our Congregational Board recognises the importance of this appointment and given the scale and importance of our project, we are delighted to be supported by knowledgable and experienced professionals.

Consultation and Communication – The Regeneration Project’s Consulation and Communication Programmes commenced in August 2014 and during the course of 2015 there will be ample opportunities for interested parties to review the various options and plans.

Regular reports of progress will be given at our Sunday Services and Board Meetings, and we constantly update the Regeneration Section in this website providing accurate and up-to-date information.

Througout the Regeneration Project, we welcome mid-week visitors wishing to view the interior of our church, by appointment.

A Sunday Sermon-an extract from Caroline’s 1st Sunday in Lent

Psalm 32
Matthew 4:1-11

If you read the passage from Matthew’s gospel you will see the three things that Jesus was goaded to do. If we put them into broad terms, they are as follows:

  • · being challenged to do the impossible
  • · being challenged to put ourselves in danger
  • · being challenged to break the rules.

These are challenges we all face – as individuals, as families, at work, as a congregation and as part of a national Church. It is up to us to decide how far we push ourselves, how much risk we are prepared to take.

Do we fear failure? Do we care what other people think? Are we willing to stick our neck out? Are there some principles that we will not compromise? Are there some people whom we do not want to disappoint, or disagree with? Does fear play a large part in determining our action – either fear or another person or fear of a particular situation?

At the Congregational Board meeting last Tuesday the working group’s recommendation of a particular firm of architects was accepted. Thus another important step in the regeneration of the church has been taken. Further down the line, the architect will want to hear what you would like to see happening to breathe new life into our beautiful sanctuary. As individuals and and as a congregation, we will be faced with the challenges I’ve just outlined.

It came to me that at the moment the church building is rather like an old-fashioned front parlour. The room kept for best and hardly used. Where windows and door are so often closed that, with the best will in the world, there is a dankness about the place even though it is carefully and regularly cleaned. It’s the room where we have to be on our best behaviour and we can never fully relax. It is the best furnished room in the house but we hardly get to enjoy it.

Compare that with our church. It is closed for most of the week, at least in the winter, meaning that its beauty remains concealed behind locked doors. Its seats are mostly hard – suggesting a need to sit up straight and mind our p’s and q’s.

Nothing has been decided. But I leave you with the image of the front parlour and the challenges we will have to overcome if we are to convert it into a more comfortable and welcoming living space. Let me quote directly from the brief that was approved by the Board and given to the architects:

“The congregation of Leuchars: St Athernase is seeking to create a centre for the witness of Christ in our community, that restores the beauty of our magnificent building while meeting the needs of the current church congregation, and creating a welcoming, flexible space for the future community and Church of the 21st century.

“Our vision is that the Church is a place that is open to all, and where all our community will know they are welcomed every day of the week. The challenge is to do this while preserving our unique historical building, and the atmosphere it creates. Our church building receives hundreds of visitors every year from the UK and abroad, and is a stopping point on the Pilgrimage route to St Andrews. The renovated Church will increase visitor numbers and build this aspect of mission in our community.”

Food for thought, and for prayer, my friends . . .

Categorized as Sermon

Sunday Sermon Questions

Where is God?

Some would declare that God is everywhere. Others would point to the tragedies being played out on the world stage and conclude that God is nowhere. For some he is in the garden or on the mountain top. For others he is in the hearts of all those who love him and long to love him more.

There is no short and sweet answer to the question, “where is God?” But human beings, indulging in their material side, enjoy putting God in his place, in the sense that there are particular locations in which we feel more confident about finding God. Particular locations to which we think our Lord is more suited. Particular locations which we have designed and decorated in a manner we hope he will find pleasing.

In other words – churches. The Church is the house of the Lord. But any individual church, over time, becomes the home of those who worship and serve there and so the sanctuary is imbued with memories and traditions all of which reinforce the notion of a holy place, somewhere set apart from the rough and tumble of daily life. A place where we go on high and low days, for joyful celebration and reflective commemoration, to seek guidance or strength or comfort.

I know that some of our Balmullo members prefer to worship in the traditional setting of Leuchars: a church which has seen the passing of many faithful generations and absorbed, over the centuries, tears and laughter, together with the sounds of reading, praying, preaching and singing. It is a building dedicated to the Lord and so some people find it more conducive to worship him within its walls.

In that respect we have something in common with the people of ancient Israel. Even when they were a tribe on the move, and uncertain of their arrival date at their final destination, they assigned a tent to God. This tent was set apart from the rest of the camp – a means of ascribing holiness both to the location itself and to the One whom they believed would meet them there. Of course the people did not presume actually to see the Lord – they were content to lay their eyes on the pillar of cloud and leave Moses to do the interceding on their behalf.

There is a sense of awe in Israelite worship which perhaps we have lost, in spite of the settledness and beauty of our churches, but we can reclaim it any time from certain passages of scripture, both in the Old and New Testaments. It is also expressed in some of our hymns. We also find the two combined, as in Timothy Dudley-Smith’s version of Psalm 19:

The stars declare his glory;
the vault of heaven springs
mute witness of the Master’s hand
in all created things,
and through the silences of space
their soundless music sings.

The dawn returns in splendour,
the heavens burn and blaze,
the rising sun renews the race
that measures all our days,
and writes in fire across the skies
God’s majesty and praise.

Of course building a place of worship does not guarantee God’s presence in the way that hanging up a nesting box might attract a family of bluetits. The physical is merely a route to the spiritual. In other words, our deliberate presence in a place dedicated to the Lord may help us somewhat material beings to focus on him and thence enter into communion with him. The ancient hymn, “Christ is made the sure foundation” expresses this well in the second verse:

To this temple, where we call you,
come, O Lord of Hosts, today:
with your constant loving-kindness,
hear your servants as they pray,
and your fullest benediction
shed within its walls always.

The disciples of Jesus would have been fed the stories of their Israelite forebears with their mothers’ milk. We know that even as he approached the end of his life on earth the Master celebrated the Passover with them, in other words continuing their ancestors’ thanksgiving to the Lord God for their liberation from slavery in Egypt. Together Jesus and the twelve worshipped in the synagogue and in the Jerusalem temple, listening week by week to the stories of their past from the scrolls of scripture and punctuating the year with all the Jewish festivals.

They grew up in the knowledge of a God whom they could not see – this they took in their stride. But when the Son of God says to them, “In a little while you will not see me any more, and then a little while later you will see me” they are utterly bamboozled.

This “elusive” Christ is known to us too, isn’t he? We strive by good works to attract his presence – we pray, read the bible, come to church, support congregational activities, do our best to love our neighbour as ourselves. But experience has taught us that such behaviour – worthy though it is – does not guarantee divine intervention or inspiration. And when we are at our lowest ebb, when we can’t concentrate to pray or stir ourselves to participate in the life of the Church, we cry out like the psalm writers of old, longing to hear God’s voice reassure us and feel his strength soothe our pain.

And then suddenly when we are not trying at all, we are touched. A phrase from the bible leaps out at us and we almost cry with shock.

“Are not sparrows two a penny? Yet without your Father’s leave not one of them can fall to the ground. As for you, even the hairs of your head have all been counted. So have no fear; you are worth more than any number of sparrows.”

Or, we look around us, and notice that the sky is beautiful. Or a stranger’s act of kindness bowls us over. And suddenly we know that this is indeed of God. We are in the presence of the living Christ.

Or we are stuck and tempted, we are succombing to old habits and bad ones at that and again we feel his hand on our lives, we know what we’re proposing is wrong and Jesus gently holds us back. We find him in this world of poverty and plenty, grace and greed, doubt and defiance, faith and fanaticism, of freedom and clinging dependence. He is here in spite of all the horrible things going on. In the wee girl who gave her pocket money to charity. In the Street Pastors who give up their cosy beds to hand out flipflops to footsore night clubbers who are the worse for wear.

Jesus today would more likely walk the streets of a city where there is clamant need rather than take his ease in an ivory tower. We understand that. But for the Jews of the 1st century, this was an impossible scenario. They were looking for a Messiah who would suddenly appear and lead them to glory. He would not have been a baby born in poverty, a boy growing up in the obscurity of Nazareth, a man who dared to upset the Pharisees. It couldn’t be right, so their argument would go, that a carpenter’s son had the authority to forgive sins, declare that the scripture had come true or heal a man on the Sabbath.

This was not at all what they were expecting. It didn’t compute with their own reading of scripture.

And so it is those untrammelled by the finer points of a religious education – fishermen, women of ill repute, tax collectors who handled money for the Gentiles and so on – it is these sorts of folk who have a clear view of Jesus as the Messiah.

At the time the words of Jesus had the power to stop people in their tracks. And so it continues today.

“For a little longer I will be with you then I am going away to him who sent me. You will look for me but you will not find me.” The elusive Christ strikes again – and that is upsetting, for he said that he would be with us always and that is also true, is it not?

He will not leave us or forsake us. He will keep a kindly eye on the vulnerable, the outcasts, the exploited, the poor, the sick, the disabled, the misunderstood. “Blessed are you who are in need; the Kingdom of heaven is yours.”

These contrasts are the stuff of the gospel. They speak of a justice which at the moment we can only dream about and hope for. And they are what keep us praying and believing. We want the Kingdom to come. By the grace of God and with the power of his Spirit, we can help the Kingdom to come. Over recent years, the growth in the Fair Trade movement, for example, has shown that Christlike people can make a difference, even to the extent of influencing the policy of the big supermarkets.

We cannot bring in the Kingdom by ourselves. The Kingdom belongs to God. Equally we cannot claim the Christ – we can only be claimed by him. There will be times when we will see him and others when we look in vain, but we hold on to his promise which, like all his promises, can be trusted: “now you may be sad, but I will see you again, and your hearts will be filled with gladness, the kind of gladness that no-one can take away from you.”

Let us pray

Lord God

You both comfort and challenge us, bless and perplex us
Grant us the courage to move beyond our comfort zone
to the place where challenge bides its time, waiting for our reaction
Give us the generosity of spirit to be a blessing to others
and the wisdom to engage with the teaching of our Saviour
to whom with you, Father, and the Holy Spirit
be the glory and honour for ever

Categorized as Sermon

A Sunday Sermon

What’s in a sermon?

As last week, I’m drawing on a sermon written by my dear friend and mentor, the late John Weir Cook, who was minister of Henderson Church in Kilmarnock during my teenage years. These sermons are dated 1985, before we all had laptops, and I was allowed by my boss to type them up on the office computer at lunch times.

When John preached at a special anniversary service at my last church, St Aidan’s in Broughty Ferry, a number of people, including David Logan whom many of you know, said that they could see where I got my style from. In today’s offering I have not used quotation marks but perhaps those of you are here regularly will be able to spot John’s input.

And in case you are thinking that this means I haven’t made much effort this week – copying someone else’s work – in fact my sermon ends up in a completely different place from John’s, as happened last Sunday as well. But to use some of his words is my tribute to the man who made real for me the power of the Holy Spirit and who enthusiastically encouraged me to apply for full-time ministry.

John entitled this book “The Word among the words” and even re-reading them so many years later I can still hear his voice speaking them. I always enjoyed listening to him but I didn’t realise what a powerful preacher he was nor, as I sat with my parents in our accustomed pew, that his ministry would have such a lasting effect on my own life.

But we all have such folk for whom to give thanks. They need not be ministers or even religious. Let’s turn to God now and remember them in prayer.

Let us pray

Lord of all time and times
We give thanks for the men, women and children
whose part in our life has enhanced us beyond measure
who now dwell with you in your everlasting kingdom
whom we will never forget
and with whom we are still united by the bonds of love
through Jesus Christ our Saviour

Categorized as Sermon

Renewal of marriage vows

Renewal of marriage vows and/or Thanksgiving for marriage

If you would like to arrange this kind of service, please contact the minister. It can be held during worship on a Sunday morning, or on a different day of the week, in which case fees would be payable at the same rate as for a wedding.

It is up to the individual couple to decide whether the emphasis is on renewal or thanksgiving. Each service is tailored to suit.